On certified randomness from quantum advantage experiments

Avishay Tal UC Berkeley


Certified randomness is the ability to generate random bits that one can certify their randomness to a skeptic, without placing any trust in the experimental device. Recently Aaronson (Aaronson 2018, 2020) proposed a novel certified randomness protocol based on existing random circuit sampling experiments - placing this application within reach of near-term quantum devices. However, the security of Aaronson’s protocol relies on non-standard conjectures that were not previously studied in the literature. In joint work with Roozbeh Bassirian, Adam Bouland, Bill Fefferman, and Sam Gunn, we prove two versions of Aaronson’s conjectures unconditionally in the black-box (aka, random-oracle) setting. In this talk, I will describe the setting and applications and give a brief proof outline of one of our results. The presentation will be self-contained and not assume much prior knowledge about quantum computing.

May 24, 2022 3:30 PM — 5:00 PM
Theory Seminar